Anatomy & Physiology course final exam questions with answers

EM189 Final Exam Review

1. Muscle tissue that has involuntary regulation of contraction is: Smooth muscle

2. The propulsive process that moves food from one organ to the next is called – Peristalsis

3. Which of these are bone-forming cells: Osteoblasts

4. Cessation of breathing is called: Apnea

5. The lungs and heart are in the __________ body cavity.Thoracic

6. The right AV valve is known as the: Tricuspid

7. The opening between the vocal cords is called the: Glottis

8. Which is the correct order of ribs, from superior to inferior: True ribs, False ribs, Floating ribs

9. In order to warm the body up when cold: The arrector pili muscles contract to stand hairs upright,

shivering, hypothalamus

10.A compound or open fracture can be described as when: The bone either punctures the skin or can be seen outside the body

11.Cilia of the trachea that beat continually propel contaminated mucus: Toward the oral cavity to be swallowed or coughed out.Mucociliary Escalator

12. In which one of the following blood vessels is blood pressure the highest: Arteries nearest the heart

13.The proper pH for the blood is: 7.35-7.45pH

14.The tailbone is the: Coccyx

15. Which area of the heart receives blood from the systemic veins:Right atrium

16. Sound waves entering the external auditory canal hit the eardrum, also known as: Tympanic membrane

17. The exocrine function of the male testes is: Production of spermatozoa (sperm)

18. What is the role of mucus in the nasal cavity: Iodine

58. The respiratory rate in adults is: 12 – 20

59.The molecule that prevents lung collapse by lowering the surface tension of the water film lining each alveolar sac is called: Surfactant

60.The term central nervous system refers to the: Brain and spinal cord

61.The first nutrient to be chemically digested is: Starch

62.The elevated ridges of tissue on the surface of the cerebral hemispheres are: Gyri (increases surface area)

63.The sinoatrial node is located in the: Upper wall of the right atrium

64.The primary functions of the small intestine is: Absorption of nutrients and minerals from food

65.Which of the following is a function of the muscular system: Body movement, maintains posture, generate heat, help stabilize joints

66.Hypersecretion of growth hormone after long bone growth has ended (as an adult) is called: Gigantism

67.The gluteal region is the: Buttocks

68.What are the four most common indicators of the inflammatory response: Pain, heat, redness, swelling

69.Cells that are specialized to fight disease are called:Leukocytes (WBCs)

70.The gland that produces tears in the eye is called the: Lacrimal gland

71.The system that controls and coordinates the body through hormones is the: Endocrine system

72.Which system covers the external surface of the body and manufactures vitamin D: Integumentary system

73.Which one of the following is NOT a primary taste sensation:Sweet, Salty, Sour, Bitter and Umami ARE sensations

74.The male gonads have both sperm-producing and testosterone-producing function are called: Testes

75.Abone fracture where the bone is broken into many fragments is a: Comminuted fracture

76. The pathway of vibrations through the ossicles from the tympanic membrane, or eardrum, to the oval window is Malleus (hammer), Incus (anvil), Stapes (stirrup)

77.Glucose and starch are examples of: Carbohydrates

78.An action potential is caused by an influx of these ions into the cell: Sodium ions

79.The type of muscle found in the walls of hollow organs, such as the stomach, and in the walls of blood vessels is: Smooth muscle

80.Which lymphoid tissues trap and remove bacteria entering the throat: Tonsils

81.The body’s temperature-regulating “thermostat” that can be reset upward in response to pyrogens is located in the: Hypothalamus

82.Which one of the following blood vessels carries oxygenated blood:Aorta to arteries & Pulmonary veins

83.Characteristics of connective tissue: Provides support, connects, protects

84.The flap of elastic cartilage that protects food from entering the larynx when swallowing is the: Epiglottis

85.The most important chemical stimuli leading to increased rate and depth of breathing is: Carbon dioxide

86.Which region is associated with the parts of the arm:

Appendicular region

87.Bone formation can be referred to as: Ossification

88.Which of the following blood vessels is a direct branch of the ascending

aorta: Left coronary artery

89.Fingers and toes are referred to as: Phalanges

90.The pigmented portion of the eye that has a rounded opening through

which light passes is the: Iris

91.The three major parts of the brain stem are the:

Medulla oblongata, midbrain, the pons

92.The narrow outlet of the uterus that projects into the vagina is called the:

The cervix

93.Blood cell formation is called: Hemopoiesis

94.What are the organs of the alimentary canal:

Mouth, Pharynx, Esophagus, Stomach, Small intestine, Large

intestine, rectum, anus

95.The chemical messengers of the endocrine system are known as:

Hormones

96.The neuron processes that normally receive incoming stimuli are called:

Dendrites

97.What organs are located in the abdominopelvic cavity?

Stomach, liver, pancreas, spleen, gallbladder, kidneys, small

intestines, large intestinese

98.What structure divides the left from the right ventricle:

Interventricular septum

99.Urine is transported from the bladder to the outside of the body by the:

Urethra

100. The tube connecting the renal hilus of the kidney to the bladder is

the: Ureter

101. The effects of the sympathetic nervous system are essentially

opposite of the: Parasympathetic nervous system

102. Which of the following is a blood clotting disorder:

Hemophilia

103. Insulin causes: Decrease in the concentration of glucose

104. Following the removal of the larynx, a person would be unable to:

Speak

105. The region that contains the navel is the:

Umbilical region

106. Each spermatid and ovum have:

23 chromosomes

107. Which hormone is released by the adrenal medulla:

Epinephrine and norepinephrine

108. The muscular system consists of the:

Skeletal, smooth, cardiac muscles

109. What are the functions of oxytocin:

Stimulates contractions of smooth muscle in the uterus

110. The opening of the large intestine is called the:

Cecum

111. Air moving in and out of the lungs is called:

Ventilation

112. Negative feedback mechanisms regulate:

Homeostasis

113. Fertilization usually occurs when?:

Sperm reaches the egg

114. Which bones are associated with the foot:

Cuboid, cuneiform, navicular, talus, phalanges, phalanx, tarsals

115. When oxygen enters the respiratory system, what is the next

structure to which it travels immediately upon leaving the trachea:

The bronchi, lungs, alveolar sac

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