Anatomy and Physiology Placement Exam 2 Practice
with Answers at End!
General Chemical Principles
1. _____ bonds are characterized by the sharing of electrons between the participating atoms.
2. A chemical bond in which electrons are gained or lost is called a(n) _____ bond.
8. Chlorine must gain one electron to fill its outer energy level completely. Potassium must lose one
electron in order to possess a completely filled outer energy level. What type of bond would you
expect to find in potassium chloride?
d. it cannot be determined from the information given
9. Atomic number is determined by the number of _____ in each atom.
a. protons only
b. protons and electrons
c. protons and neutrons
d. protons, neutrons, and electrons
10. Atoms of the element carbon have four electrons in the outermost shell. What is the maximum
number of single covalent bonds that can form between one atom of carbon and other atoms?
Water, Acids, Bases and pH
11. What determines the pH of a solution?
a. the number of ionic bonds available
b. the hydrogen ion concentration
c. the strength of the hydrogen bonds present
d. the number of water molecules available
12. Identify the mismatched pair:
a. hydrophilic – polar molecules
b. hydrogen ion – proton
c. acid solution – pH more than 7
d. water – universal solvent
13. Which of the following qualities of water is largely responsible for the phenomenon known as
a. Water is relatively transparent.
b. Water expands slightly as it freezes.
c. Water is strongly cohesive.
d. Water has a high heat capacity.
14. Which of the following qualities of water is largely responsible for the ability of small insects to
walk directly on the surface of water?
a. Water is relatively transparent.
b. Water displays a measurable surface tension.
c. Water expands as it freezes.
d. Water demonstrates an observable phase transition.
15. Which arrow points to a hydrogen bond?
16. Which arrow points to a covalent bond?
17. Among solutions with the following pH values, the one that has the greatest concentration of protons
is the one with a pH value of
18. What is the pH of baking soda?
19. Which of the following statements is true about a solution with a pH of 9, one with a pH of 2 and one
with a pH of 7?
a. The pH 2 solution has a higher hydrogen (H+) ion concentration than the pH 7 solution.
b. The pH 2 solution has a higher hydroxyl (OH-) ion concentration than the pH 7 solution.
c. The pH 9 solution has a higher hydrogen (H+) ion concentration than the pH 2 solution.
d. The pH 9 solution has a hydrogen (H+) ion concentration that is seven times higher than that
of the pH 2 solution
20. Organic chemistry is the chemistry of
a. oxygen molecules
c. carbon compounds
d. ionic bonds
21. Organic molecules contain particular elements. Based on what you know of organic chemistry, find
the mismatched pair.
a. carbohydrate – CHO
b. lipid – CHNOP
c. protein – CHNOPS
d. nucleic acid – CHNOP
22. A molecule with the formula C5H10O5 is a(n)
d. amino acid
23. Simple sugars are also known as
24. Which of the following is a condensation (dehydration synthesis) reaction?
a. the linking together of two glucose molecules
b. the breakdown of a polymer into monomers
c. a reactions that consumes a water molecule
d. an enzyme reaction that divides water into two subunits
25. Each amino acid has a different
a. amino group
b. carboxyl group
c. R group
d. peptide bond
26. A pentose sugar, a phosphate group and a nitrogen-containing base are found in a(n)
a. amino acid
27. In a theoretical monosaccharide, there are 18 atoms of hydrogen. How many atoms of oxygen are
28. Amino acids are the building blocks or monomers for
a. nucleic acids
44. A cell placed in a beaker of sea water will
a. actively transport water out
b. shrink due to the loss of water by osmosis
c. swell due to gain of water by osmosis
d. be largely unaffected and not changed appreciably in size or appearance
45. A hypothetical “microbullet” shot through a phospholipid bilayer would pass the components in which
a. polar >>> nonpolar>>>polar>>>nonpolar
a. frequently violate both the first and second law of thermodynamics
b. lower activation energy requirements
c. can affect the energy released from a chemical reaction
d. slow metabolic reactions
52. The reactants in an enzyme catalyzed reaction are called
d. active site
53. The information about the synthesis of enzymes comes from
c. lipid molecules
d. specific complex carbohydrates
54. With few exceptions, all enzymes that have been identified are
a. high energy phosphate molecules
b. nucleic acids
c. complex lipids or carbohydrates
Organization within the Human Body
55. Lungs, heart, or brain are examples of
c. cell tissues
56. Pick the answer that ranks the following from smallest to largest.
a. atoms, organs, cells, organisms, organ systems
b. atoms, cells, tissues, organs, organisms
c. cells, atoms, organ systems, organs, organisms
d. organism, organ systems, organs, atoms, cells
57. Circulatory, respiratory, or digestive are examples of
c. cell tissues
Use the following picture of a neuron (nerve cell) to answer questions 46-47
Use the graph below for questions 58-60.
58. An appropriate title for this graph would be
a. Volume and mass
b. How volume effects mass
c. The increasing relationship between volume and mass
d. Mass as a function of volume
59. If the volume of a liquid is 40 mL, the mass is
a. 25 g
b. 37 g
c. 40 g
d. 45 g
60. The relationship between mass and volume could best be described as
a. Increasing mass decreases volume
b. Increasing volume results in a decrease of mass
c. Increasing volume results in an increase of mass
d. There is no relationship between mass and volume